The synthesis tutorial is designed to allow the student (1) to pull together material covered in previous tutorials, (2) to learn new material necessary for the examinations, (3) to apply both old and new material to problems based on experiments in the literature, and (4) to review material not covered in the synthesis tutorial proper.

This synthesis tutorial earns 4 (2) hours credit.  Thus, using the traditional formula of “3 out for 1 in,” the student should expect to spend a minimum of 32 hours per week on the synthesis tutorial throughout a 14-week semester, or 448 hours.  This tutorial is designed for a 6-week period, followed by five weeks of independent study and three weeks of comprehensive exams.


An introductory seminar for freshmen on democracy.   The faculty will be Profs. Armstrong, Holiman, and Staal.

A senior tutorial on the foundational debates in International Relations on world politics. We explore "international regimes" and the debates among scholars in the Realist/Neo-Realist, Neo-Liberal, and Constructivist schools.

Molecular cell biology is the study of life, more specifically the molecular basis of life, which is based on the foundations of four classical disciplines: biochemistry, genetics, microbiology and anatomical cell biology.We will combine the principles of these four disciplines to explore the cellular and molecular levels of biological organization.We will investigate the numerous, complex events that occur in the life of a cell.This tutorial is designed to provide an introduction to both the knowledge and the skills necessary for success in molecular biology.

Protein Structure and Function is an in-depth survey of proteins. The tutorial covers structural visualization techniques, structural determination techniques, common secondary, tertiary and quaternary arrangements, the function of cofactors, and protein folding. The conversations will be directed toward addressing the following major question: “Just what makes the ‘Native’ state of protein in its natural cellular environment?” The laboratory section of the tutorial will cover techniques of protein purification, two-dimensional protein gels, denaturation/renaturation, and visualizing protein structure using the molecular modeling program Chimera. Students will get a broad overview of laboratory techniques regarding how to monitor protein/protein interactions (CD, UV/Vis Spectroscopy,Raman Spectroscopy,NMR,X-ray Crystallography, Electron Microscopy,FRET,Chemical Crosslinking).